“I can’t fight the sun. I can only watch helplessly as it drags me into a day that I’ve been dreading for months. Katniss Everdeen” (3)

The figurative language used is personification. The sun cannot actually drag you.  The use of this literary device allows the reader to visualize something that is not real. This helps strengthen the meaning and gives the reader a better understanding of the quote.

"I clasp the flask between my hands even though the warmth from the tea has long since leached into the frozen air" (1)

Here, the author uses imagery to enhance the meaning of the quotation. It provides a very detailed and vivid picture for the reader. One can see Katniss grasping the cold flask, frozen like an ice sculpture. The imagery is so powerful that it can even makes the reader shiver, with the feeling of frigid air against their skin.

The character Effie Trinket in Catching Fire emerges like a caterpillar from her cocoon (simile). At first, Effie is portrayed as a typical Capitol member who has no regard for the people living in the Districts. Her attitude is upbeat and positive during the Hunger Games. At the reapings, she conducts the ceremonies with pomp and splendour befitting the royalty of the Queen of Panem (metaphor). Her fashion sense makes her unique as she always wears very colourful and flamboyant outfits (imagery). This makes her stand out like a rainbow in the sky (simile). As she gets to know Katniss and Peeta better, she realizes that the Hunger Games is not something to be so excited about. The Capitol has brainwashed her to think that people should find entertainment in watching others die. She grows sympathy for people in the Districts and begins to see things from their perspective. Before Katniss leaves for the Hunger Games, Effie wishes her good luck and is distraught because she has become personally attached to Katniss. 

I'm sure plenty of people assumed that we'd [Katniss and Gale] eventually get married even if I never gave it any thought. But that was before the Games. Before my fellow tribute, Peeta Mellark, announced he was madly in love with me. (1.17)

This quotation reveals that Katniss is having difficulty deciding who her true love really is. This is an example of internal conflict. Before the Hunger Games, the old Katniss would have probably married Gale. The Games changed everything and they were life altering for Katniss. She had to make it seem like she was in love with Peeta as a survival strategy, but this pretend relationship evolved into something a little more serious. The new Katniss might not be able to marry Gale now because of the special newly formed bond she has with Peeta. Katniss finds that she is in conflict with herself as she is unsure of which boy she truly loves.

"In several of the districts, people viewed your little trick with the berries as an act of defiance, not an act of love. And if a girl from District Twelve of all places can defy the Capitol and walk away unharmed, what is to stop them from doing the same?" he says. "What is to prevent, say, an uprising?" (2.19)

President Snow is making life very hard for Katniss. He believes that Katniss has committed an act of defiance in the previous Hunger Games and this may lead to a widespread rebellion or uprising in Panem. The external conflict is that Katiss is struggling to keep herself, Peeta, and all her loved ones alive while facing these immense pressures from society. 

Katniss Everdeen returns to the arena to participate in the 3rd Quarter Quell.

One of the conflicts is that Katniss is forced back into the arena for the 75th Hunger Games. She is fighting against the capitol and other tributes.

Katniss and Peeta: two star-crossed lovers or not?

Does Katniss really love Peeta or is their relationship a facade all for show?

Is there blood relation between Katniss and Gale?

Does Katniss confess that Gale is her cousin to protect him or her?

Uprisings in District 5 potentially leading to rebellion.

People in the Districts have had enough with what the Capitol has done to them and they are now taking a stance to rebel.

Will Effie Trinket rebel against the Capitol?

Despite being from the Capitol, Effie has shown many signs of weakness in embracing the Capitol’s regime. Will she jump ship and support those in the Districts.
I mourn my old life here. We barely scraped by, but I knew where I fit in, I knew what my place was in the tightly interwoven fabric that was our life. I wish I could go back to it because, in retrospect, it seems so secure compared with now, when I am so rich and so famous and so hated by the authorities in the Capitol. (1.10)

Katniss misses her old lifestyle and wishes to revert back to it. After she won the Hunger Games, she has noticed that people in her District look at her differently. She is always being watched in the Capitol and no longer has any personal freedom or security. This quotation reveals that Katniss is a simple, down to earth person who is not fazed by the social fabric that she is a part of.  She prefers to live a normal life rather than being surrounded by the luxuries of wealth and fame. 

I'm selfish. I'm a coward. I'm the kind of girl who, when she might actually be of use, would run to stay alive and leave those who couldn't follow to suffer and die. [...] No wonder I won the Games. No decent person ever does. (8.82-83)

Katniss is having trouble identifying with herself. She ponders on whether she is really a hero or a villain. This quotation helps us understand her struggle with figuring out who she really is. She second guesses herself as a selfish coward and is clearly being too hard on herself. 


This personalized license plate is apt for Katniss Everdeen as she doesn’t know who she is anymore. She has difficulty understanding her new identity after her victory in the Hunger Games to the extent that she questions her self-worth. Her license plate is essentially her name scrambled. This disarrangement of letters represents her scattered state of mind.

"If a girl from District 12 of all places can defy the Capitol and walk away unharmed, what is to stop them from doing the same?" (page 21) President Snow surprises Katniss at her house and they have a serious, in-depth conversation. Snow informs Katniss of the major problem she has created for the Capitol. Her actions in the previous Hunger Games have led people in the Districts to believe that the Capitol can be overthrown. When Katniss and Peeta ate the poisonous berries to commit suicide and make sure there were no victors, people saw this act as defying the Capitol. The idea of rebellion spread rapidly. If she of all people can break the rules like this, why can’t everyone else? This quotation suggests that society can be strongly influenced by the actions of one person. It also reveals that the Capitol is weak as it can potentially become corrupt by a handful of berries.

"Not only are we in the districts forced to remember the iron grip of the Capitol's power each year, we are forced to celebrate it. And this year, I am one of the stars of the show. I will have to travel from district to district, to stand before the cheering crowds who secretly loathe me, to look down into the faces of the families whose children I have killed." (page 4) As a victor of the games, Katniss must take part in a tour where she is meant to be applauded for her victory. However, rather than being celebrated, she is secretly loathed by the people in the Districts. This is because she is responsible for killing the children of families within each District. This quote speaks to the dichotomy of the values held by the Capitol versus those of the people in the Districts. On the one hand, the Capitol places high value on people in the Districts admiring the victors. On the other hand, ironically, these people are falsely cheering the stars of the show when in fact secretly they loathe them.

Food is an important element in this novel as its availability clearly defines which geographical location people are in. Those who have an abundance of food live in the Capitol where food is a strong symbol of wealth and prosperity. In contrast, people living in the Districts have a severe shortage of food and are on the brink of starvation. These folk often have to resort to poaching as an essential survival skill to make ends meet. 

Buttercup is Primrose's cat. Katniss never really liked Buttercup when they lived in their shack in the seam.  However, everything changed when Katniss won the Hunger Games. Her and her family were relocated to affluent accommodation in Victors Village. Buttercup, like Katniss, dislikes their new house and still finds comfort in their old home.  The bond together because of they both dislike their new home. Buttercup helps us understand the difference between their old life in District 12 (when living in the seam) versus their new, richer life in Victors Village.

The rose is an important physical object that reveals the true nature of the Capitol. When Katniss returns home she finds President Snow sitting at a desk in her study. From across the desk, the rose in President Snow’s lapel wreaks of blood. This is because the rose has been genetically enhanced like everything else in the Capitol. This symbolizes how the Capitol is artificial and fake.

The mocking jay pin represents freedom of the people in the Districts and their moral attitudes towards rebellion against the Capitol.